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Class M2

Sri Lanka Railways received Class M2 locomotive fleet from Canada under “Colombo Plan Aid – From Canada” between 1954-1966.

Introduction

General Motors EMD, made multi-purpose G8, G9 and G12 based Class M2 locomotives are considered as the most successful locomotives in Sri Lanka Railway history. Class M2 locomotives are also called as “Canadian Warriors”.

There are one main class and 4 subclasses (a,b,c,d) in Class M2 fleet. Class M2, M2a, M2b, M2c received as a gift from Canada but, Class M2d locomotives originally bought from the USA for cement factory usage but later assigned to stock Class M2 fleet of Sri Lanka Railways.

  1. The first set of M2 locomotives (Class M2, 569 to 573) introduced to Sri Lanka from 1954 to 1955
  2. The second set of locomotives (Class M2a, 591 to 593) arrived in 1956
  3. The third set of locomotives (Class M2b, 594 and 595) delivered in 1958
  4. The fourth set (Class M2c, 626 and 627) imported in 1961
  5. The last two (Class M2d, 628 and 629) delivered to Sri Lanka in 1966

All Class M2 locomotives except 628 and 629 named after Canadian provinces. Please refer to the table below for names and service status.

ClassNumberNameYearService Status
M2569Ontario1954In Service
M2570Alberta1954In Service
M2571Saskatchewan1954Out of Service
M2572British Colombia1954In Service
M2573Quebec1955In Service
M2a591Manitoba1956In Service
M2a592Nova Scotia1956In Service
M2a593New Brunswick1956In Service
M2b594Prince Edward Island1958In Service
M2b595New Foundland1958In Service
M2c626Montreal1961In Service
M2c627Vancouver1961In Service
M2d628Kankasanthurai1966In Service
M2d629Galle1966In Service

General Information

Engine ClassM2
Built CountryCanada
BuilderGeneral Motors Diesel
Imported Year1954–1966
Power TypeDiesel-electric
Engine TypeGM V12 G12-567c (CLass M2,M2a,M2b,M2c)
GM V12 G12-567e (Class M2d)
Power Output1425hp (CLass M2,M2a,M2b,M2c)
1310hp (Class M2d)
Maximum Speed112 Kmph
Axel ArrangementA1A-A1A (CLass M2,M2a,M2b,M2d)
Bo-Bo (Class M2c)
Weight79 Tons
LiverySilver, blue and a yellow trip
Total Produced14 (13 in service)

Special Events/Notes

  • Class M2 569, 570, 571  landed Sri Lanka on 2nd and 3rd December 1954
  • Class M2 569 went on the first trial on 10th December 1954
  • Class M2 571 went on the first trial on 15th December 1954
  • Class M2 570 went on the first trial on 30th December 1954
  • Class M2 572 went on the maiden journey with Ruhunu Kumari on 24th October 1955
  • Class M2 572 went on the maiden journey with Udarata Manike on 24th April 1956
  • Class M2 570 trapped in Kankasanthurei from 1992 to 1996 due to the civil war after hauling the last night mail train to Kankasanthurei. Brought to Colombo by ship as parts, re-assembled and went back on track thanks to the mechanical staff of Sri Lanka Railways
  • Class M2 570 faced minor damages land mine in Punani on 7th June 2007
  • Class M2 570 severely damaged as a result of Pothuhera train accident on 30th April 2014
  • Class M2 571 completely destroyed on 14th September 1985 near Pollipothana due to a bomb blast by terrorists (The only loco not in service)
  • Class M2 591 caught by Tsunami in Telwatte on 26th December 2004 and added back to service exactly after 4 years

Images

Class M2 locomotive delivery (T.A.M. Ruston)
Class M2 locomotive delivery (T.A.M. Ruston)
A Class M2 locomotive shipping
A Class M2 locomotive delivery (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 572 hauling Ruhunu Kumari train in 23rd April 1956
Class M2 572 hauling Ruhunu Kumari train in 23rd April 1956 (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 locomotive hauling a local train in Jaffna 1984
Class M2 locomotive hauling a local train in Jaffna 1984 (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 593
Class M2 593 (From M. Muthukumaraswamy)
A Class M2 locomotive hauling a up country train
A Class M2 locomotive hauling a up country train (From Ahmed Hannan)
A rare photo of Class M2 571 Saskatchewan destroyed by the bomb blast
A very rare photo of Class M2 571 Saskatchewan destroyed by the bomb blast (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 569
Class M2 569 (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 628 hauling a water train from Kankasanthurei to Jaffna
Class M2 628 hauling a water train from Kankasanthurei to Jaffna (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 626 at Bandarawela Railway Station
Class M2 626 at Bandarawela Railway Station? (From Thiwanka Ekanayake)
Class M2 570 and Steam loco 340
Class M2 570 and Steam loco 340 (Unknown photographer)
Class M2 626 at Nanu Oya Railway Station
Class M2 626 at Nanu Oya Railway Station (Unknown photographer)
EMD G12 Class M2 592 “ Nova Scotia” is ready for its departure from Maho Junction to the terminus in Trinco which is in the east coast. Semaphore home signal is clearly visible with its arm down to say “all clear”. Semaphore signaling is still been used in some parts of the country including the main line. this was captured in Aug 2012.
EMD G12 Class M2 592 “ Nova Scotia” is ready for its departure from Maho Junction to the terminus in Trinco which is in the east coast. Semaphore home signal is clearly visible with its arm down to say “all clear”. Semaphore signaling is still been used in some parts of the country including the main line. this was captured in Aug 2012 (From D U Weeraratne)
Class M2 591 after facing Tsunami disaster
Class M2 591 after facing Tsunami disaster (From thejunklover.blogspot.com)
Class M2 591 recovered and painted in Tsunami livery
Class M2 591 recovered and painted in Tsunami livery (From D U Weeraratne)
Pothuhera train accident - Class M2 570
Pothuhera train accident – Class M2 570 (Unknown photographer)

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Source slrailinfo
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